A recent article in “Evidence-Based Nursing” highlighted the issue of falls for people living in care facilities and the important role that exercise plays in preventing falls.
Data presented in the article highlights that up to 50% of residents aged 65 years or older have experienced falling at least once per year. This rate is “three times greater than the rate in the community setting.” Residents who experience a fall may experience fractures and often experience secondary issues associated with the fall including: “anxiety, loss of confidence, and fear of falling again.”
Factors Involved in Fall Prevention for the Elderly
The authors conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the “effectiveness of exercise interventions on the rate of falls and number of fallers in care facilities.” The results demonstrate that exercise does play a role in decreasing the number of falls experienced. It was noted that the most effective intervention to address falls not only included exercise, but a combined program of exercises and fall intervention assessment/interventions. These include: a review of medications; environmental modifications; staff education; evaluation and issuance of mobility aids. In addition, consultations were conducted with the individual faller to address the secondary issues noted above. Incorporating balance training, strengthening and endurance activities into an overall exercise program appears to have the greatest effect on reducing falls.
Read More About the Benefits of Exercise
Our blog features a variety of informational posts about the physiological and psychological benefits of exercise for elderly adults. Read more here, and be sure to check out the range of exercise equipment and tools available from our online store.